|her friend, the fish|
This is one of the most ancient Cinderella stories around, appearing in The Miscellaneous Record of Yu Yang, T'ang Dyasty 618. It is interesting to note that the helper animal here is a fish, thought by Marie Louise von Franz to represent " the deeper, least available contents of the unconscious self" (p. 114 The Interpretation of Fairy Tales). Fish help Cinderella in Tam and Cam, The Vietnamese Cinderella, and a water spirit in the form of a mermaid helps her out in some West Afrcian tales. Birds are the helper animals in many European versions. Jung and von Franz believed that birds, including doves, ravens and peacocks represent elements of the Self which are intuitive, creative. They can represent darkness (raven) or light and hope (dove). (p. 66, 75, 119 von Franz).